Building or buying a wooden house is an ecological dream but also an aesthetic one. However, the choice of a wooden house instead of a traditional brick or concrete house is not so simple: wooden constructions indeed have advantages and disadvantages.
The contemporary wooden house
Wooden houses are increasingly popular in northern Europe, the United States and Canada.
In recent years, technological developments coupled with ecological breakthroughs have tended to boost this market and houses made of fir, spruce, Douglas-fir, larch are increasingly being considered during a single-family house construction project.
Timber frame, panels, post-beams, prefabrication, the techniques of building a wooden house are numerous among wood builders and each have their own particularities, however the wooden frame represents the most important part.
6 advantages of a wooden house
Wooden house, a gesture for ecology
As for the environment, wood has, a priori, everything to please. A wooden house produces little CO2 emissions reducing greenhouse gases, this material naturally stores carbon and since it is a natural insulator, wood reduces heating costs.
Be careful, a wooden frame house does not mean "all wood", because in this type of construction, only the uprights and crossbars are made of solid wood while the rest is made of transformed materials, in particular reconstituted wood. This somewhat tarnishes the ecological image.
On the other hand, if you opt for a "post-beam" or "log" house, your construction will be much more respectful of the environment. This second option is more ecological but also more expensive.
Pay attention to the origin and provenance of the wood as well. To limit transport costs and therefore the carbon impact, it is better to choose local producers or not far from the United Kingdom.
An ecological wooden house is reflected in its entirety: favor raw or minimally processed materials such as natural insulation such as wood fibre or wool, wood joinery, wood cladding, etc.
Better insulation with wood
Wood is 12 times more insulating than concrete. Opting for a wooden structure optimizes the thermal performance of the house and therefore reduces your future heating consumption. Another advantage: the wood does not cause any condensation.
The wooden construction is light, resistant, flexible and modular
The construction of a wooden house allows many architectural possibilities due to its lightness, flexibility and resistance.
For equal structures, wood is up to 7 times lighter than concrete. However, lightness does not mean fragility. Indeed, wood is a much more resistant material than we imagine. It is still used in the construction of houses since the dawn of time in countries such as the Nordic countries or Canada, where the climate can be quite harsh.
In addition, wood blends in with many other materials, which allows the style of the house to be adapted to the architecture of the region, which is characterized by brick, stone, concrete, siding or cladding ... Finally, the style of wooden houses can be rustic or very contemporary.
A wooden house is relatively quick and easy to build
A wooden house does not require digging to build a deep foundation, and the assembly of the materials is fairly quick and easy. Some builders even offer to deliver the framing panels directly, fully equipped, including windows and siding to assemble, which greatly speeds up construction time.
Opt for comfort with a wooden house
A wooden house is warm and welcoming. The ambient hygrometry is regulated by the breathable nature of the material. In addition, the low inertia of wood allows the house to be heated quickly, which contributes to the comfort of the house on a daily basis.
Optimized living space
The living area of wooden houses is optimized thanks to the low thickness of the walls. We generally gain 8% more living space than in concrete blockhouses.
Finally, although wood is a combustible material, it paradoxically has excellent fire resistance properties. Its thermal conductivity is 10 times lower than concrete. In a fire, wood retains its mechanical and bearing capacities longer than other materials. There is therefore less risk of construction collapse, which is greatly feared by firefighters.